What is sexual abuse against children and adolescents

Sexual violence against children and adolescents (NNyA) is one of the most underreported, invisible and unpunished crimes that exist, and it affects the entire population transversally. According to World Health Organization (WHO), one in five girls and one in 13 boys are victims of abuse before the age of 18. On the other hand, from Network for Children estimate, based on INDEC data, that 2,000,000 boys and girls are potentially victims of this crime in Argentina, although only 10% of cases are reported.

The vast majority of the time, the aggressors are part of the close family and social environment of the girls and boys, which makes intervention difficult. We are talking about parents, grandparents, uncles, brothers, among other close ties. Statistics show that abusers are generally male; however, there are also women who abuse.

For specialists, one of the many myths that it is essential to demolish is to consider it only as a synonym of rape. In fact, there are different forms of abuse and many times they do not involve physical contact. In all cases, there is a common denominator: there is an asymmetry of power that is based on a previously built bond of trust. The groping and rubbing (one of the most widespread forms of this type of violence), the voyeurism Hello exhibition of pornography are some examples.

Silvia Ongini, child and adolescent psychiatrist in the pediatric department of the Hospital de Clínicas and a reference on the subject, explains that sexual abuse against girls and boys is “when they are involved in sexual activities that they do not fully understand, for which they are evolutionarily immature and do not are in a position to give consent. In other words, it’s the intrusion of adult sexuality in the body and the psyche of girls and boys. “We must not forget that they are not consensual behaviors even when the child does not resist, since this type of violence includes both coercion or force, as well as persuasion,” adds Ongini, co-author of the recently published book Break the silence. For childhood and adolescence free of sexual violence (Editorial DAO).

What myths exist about sexual abuse in childhood?

Line 137

Call this line that belongs to the Victims Against Violence Program, of the National Ministry of Justice, for advice on the steps to follow. You can also send a Whatsapp to 11-3133-1000 from anywhere in the country. If you are in CABA, Chaco or Misiones, in an emergency situation, a mobile team accompanied by police personnel can travel to the scene to guarantee security conditions so that the team can take charge of the situation, offer containment to the victims and of intervention to prosecutors, defenders or courts.

Line 102

This free and confidential service provides a listening, containment and guidance space for children and adolescents and also carries out interventions, jointly with other State agencies, in situations of violation of their rights. For more information you can write to: linea102@senaf.gob.ar

Centers for access to Justice (CAJ)

They depend on the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights of the Nation. They are offices that provide free primary legal care services with more than 250 access points throughout the country, attended by professionals. They also provide care and advice virtually at the following numbers: CABA: 1133108480 PBA: 1133107947 WHOSE: 2644430111: Mendoza, San Luis, San Juan, La Rioja. NOA: 3855147941: San Miguel de Tucumán, Santiago del Estero, Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta. NEA: 3704960176: Formosa, Chaco, Misiones, Corrientes. CENTRO LITORAL: 351 153113579: Córdoba, Entre Ríos, Santa Fe. PATAGONIA: 294451965: La Pampa, Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego.

Find your nearest center

Police Stations and Prosecutors

To file complaints, you can also go to police stations, the Women’s Police Station, criminal prosecutor’s offices or specialized tax units (such as the Tax Unit for the Investigation of Crimes against the Sexual Integrity of Girls and Boys, the Public Prosecutor’s Office or the Public Prosecutor’s Office). General Directorate of Support, Guidance and Protection of Victims) criminal and family courts, consultancies or the Ombudsman for Minors that corresponds to your jurisdiction. On line 137, they can refer you and give you more information about the steps to follow depending on where you are in the country.

Office of Domestic Violence of the Supreme Court of Justice (OVD)

The Domestic Violence Office of the Supreme Court of Justice (OVD) has the objective of facilitating access to Justice for people who, affected by acts of domestic violence, are in a situation of special vulnerability. It attends in person every day of the year, 24 hours a day, at Lavalle 1250, PB, CABA. It is possible to communicate by phone: (011) 4123 – 4510 to 4514. Or write an email to: ovd@csjn.gov.ar

More information

specialized organizations

There are various civil society organizations that can provide you with information, support and assistance. Some of them are: Center for Assistance and Prevention of Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Adolescence (Cepasi): holacepasi@gmail.com / Network for Children: info@redporlainfancia.org / Adults for children’s rights : adultxsporlainfancia@gmail.com

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What is sexual abuse against children and adolescents