What is it to be trans? Better understand transidentity – Phèros

Gender / sex assigned at birth: In most Western cultures, when we are born, a medical representative assigns us a gender based on our genitals, reproductive organs and chromosomes. In France, depending on the company, this sex can only be Male or Female. Depending on this gender, our entourage and society will adopt behaviors corresponding to it according to the current social norm. These expectations and behaviors will form the kind that develops from the moment the child becomes aware of these external behaviors.

Genre : (gender identity / gender expression) Gender is a social concept independent of the biology and therefore of the sex of individuals. It designates all the male or female characteristics according to the cultural codes specific to each country. Gender identity must be dissociated from gender expression. Gender identity is what we feel inside of us, who we are, and gender expression is what we show to others. Gender expression can go through clothing choices, expressions and behaviors, make-up, and anything that may relate to a gender norm depending on the society in which one finds oneself. Gender can also be explained as a spectrum (see diagram below).

Non-binary: The non-binary term is an umbrella term that groups together several gender identities outside the male / female binary schema. A non-binary person is a person who is not in the male / female gender binary.. Please note that a non-binary person is not necessarily located at the center of the gender spectrum. A non-binary person is not necessarily androgynous in their gender expression.

Intersex person: An intersex person is a person who is born with biological characteristics of sexual determination that do not fully correspond to the criteria of male or female sexes.. In France, these people are mainly operated from birth so that their biological characteristics fully correspond to a female or male gender. Parental consent is not necessary for this operation which is often strongly recommended by the medical authority. It is often badly experienced growing up by intersex people who feel deprived of their identity, and who often do not learn until very late that they are intersex.

Trans woman: (mtf) A trans woman is someone who is assigned the sex male at birth but has a female gender identity.

Trans man: (ftm) A trans man is someone who is assigned the gender female at birth but who has a male gender identity.

Transition : The transition can be broken down into two categories: social and medical transition. Social transition is often the first to take place and sometimes the only one. It is when the binary or non-binary trans person decides to talk about their gender identity to people around them (they therefore come out), that they ask to use the pronouns and the first name that correspond to them. , and that she decides to change her gender expression to follow her gender identity. Medical transition is when the binary or non-binary trans person decides to make a physical change. It can be hormonal and / or surgical. This step is absolutely not compulsory and must be able to be done according to the request of the person. Any transition whatsoever is not mandatory and must be carried out only in agreement with the person concerned.

Transphobia: (discrimination / oppression) It is the act of hatred towards trans people and the trans community.

Sexual orientation / love / gender identity: Sexual orientation refers to the sexual attraction that we will feel for a person and the romantic orientation represents our romantic attraction. All these notions are different from gender identity which is not an orientation but an identity, and which only takes into account the person himself.

Cisgenre : (cis) A cisgender person is someone whose gender identity matches the sex they were assigned at birth.

Coming Out : It is announcing one’s sexual orientation and / or gender identity to someone outside. As a reminder, coming out is not mandatory, it is the person who chooses to do it or not. It is inadmissible, dangerous, and punishable by law to listen to someone.

Third kind: It is an administrative category to group together all the non-traditional gender categories (therefore male / female).

Agent : These are the people who do not identify with any form of social gender. For example, in hetero-normed cisgender patriarchal Western culture, the recognized genders are binary and consist only of men and women. Yet there is a multiplicity of genres in addition to this binary, which culture imposes on the individual. The individual concerned is defined as an agener since he does not fit into any of the genders presented to his knowledge and refuses any constructed social concept of gender. They therefore want us to refer to them without gendering them. They are outside the gender spectrum.

Genderfluid : She’s a person with a fluid gender identity. That is to say, it can evolve, according to the periods, the phases of life, and other things. The pronouns of a genderfluid person can therefore change and it is important to respect this change.

Genderqueer : A genderqueer person is a person who refuses the genders conceived by the patriarchal society and who refuses to be affiliated with one of these genders. Being gender queer is also a political demand.

Tomboy : Term that has been used for a long time to refer to male trans people, but actually refers to people assigned female at birth with a male gender expression. It’s an English term, which translates to “tomboy”.

Deadname: It is a trans person’s first name at birth, which the person can legally change to better match their identity. It is very dangerous and prohibited to reveal the deadname of a trans person.

Dysphorie : The term gender dysphoria can refer to the discomfort / discomfort that a trans person may feel about the difference between their physical body and their gender identity. Conversely, we can speak of gender euphoria. It is a term psychiatrized at the origin, which tends to disappear in accordance with the depsychiatrization of the trans people.

Ally: An ally is someone who is not part of the LGBTQ + community but who is informed and respectful of them. Allies are very important in the advancement of LGBTQ + rights because they allow learning and awareness raising from pairs to pairs, which always has a significant impact in the recognition of the existence and issues of LGBTQ +.

Passing : It is an informal notion that can be good or bad. It’s when our gender expression is seen the way we want it to be understood. Example, my gender identity is male, I have a male gender expression, and if others designate me by male pronouns without my needing to provide them with information, it is because my passing is good. Conversely, it would be bad.

Queer : English word meaning weird or strange. It was initially an insult against the LGBTQ + community, but for some time now, the community has reappropriated the term to make it a political demand. The word queer refers to all people who do not meet the hetero-patriarchal cisgender norm, whether by their beliefs or by their identities and sexualities. Queer groups are often militant and political groups. This is why the term cannot replace the acronym LGBTQ + which is without political affiliation.

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What is it to be trans? Better understand transidentity


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