Trans* Diversity –

We are in the international week of action for trans depathologization, in which the right to gender identity is claimed, to public health coverage for trans* people (1) and to legal recognition of the name and gender chosen without need of a medical, hormonal or surgical diagnosis and/or treatment.

According to the feminist sexologist Noemí Parra (2020) the identity of gIt’sNero is an inherent right of all people. Guaranteeing it involves placing human rights as the main tool to support and give legitimacy to the multiple possibilities of existence, favoring the principles of equality and self-determination, as opposed to external evaluation based on diagnosis.stics.

When it’s your teenage son who comes out of the closet Saying that they are a trans* person or have doubts about their identity, many times fears, questions and uncertainties arise on the part of the families, who also need to be accompanied. Many families wonder what is the right time, if they have to allow it, how to do it… questions that only make sense and answer in the specific context of the particular person (Platero, 2014). Miquel Missé adds that to accompany, you have to let the person explore and have doubts, and minimize normative identification gestures from the outside.

At we have found ourselves with the task of accompanying the transit process of some adolescents and their families. accompanyñar explorationn of gIt’snero in childhood and adolescence means helping them organize their experience. For this, it will be necessary to listen sensitively, taking care not to label what they say and do with parameters built from the perspective of adults (Alcántara, 2016) who may be moving on the margins of adultism and sexism, as well as listening to their own proposals to improve their living conditions. Following Garaizábal (2016), what we seek in accompaniment is to promote and respect the autonomy of the person instead of replacing it in the process, regardless of their age and bearing in mind that it is essential to understand that there are a multiplicity of ways in the construction of subjectivity itself, all of them legitimate. It is a model aimed at legitimizing their identity development, which reinforces their aptitudes and social skills for conflict management, providing them with tools and, mainly, support for this. (Parra, 2020)

In the case of adolescents many concerns lie in their fear of being rejected within the family nucleus (Platero, 2014). Therefore, we must provide support and intervene with the whole family to also reduce discomfort, fears, demystify even transphobic misconceptions that they may have. When the family accepts and supports their child, the experience is much easier. The role of the adults we accompany is to facilitate, discuss, leave room for exploration and support decision-making. It is not our role to decide for the person, but we have to be by his side knowing that we have offered him all the information. Sometimes, depending on what procedures, the authorization of the family is even necessary.

Unfortunately for some families accepting that their child is in the process of transition is complicated, and we find some families who want to stop it. They wish it wasn’t happening, they set limits, they question them and they also question the therapeutic work, preventing their child from exploring further. Denial and rejection generate great discomfort in adolescents also because of the helplessness in which they find themselves, for not being of legal age. Many depend on the family because they cannot legally make decisions autonomously and this can have serious consequences: behavioral changes, isolation, poor school performance, suicidal thoughts or attempts.

Although there are common lines, the truth is that each trans * experience is unique. As professionals and family members it is important to allow ourselves not to have all the answers but to be willing to find them. Accompanying the realities of trans* minors involves many community agents: the school, the administration, the health system, the family and the close social environment. We have to demand the urgent approval of a state law: Comprehensive trans law and social equality and non-discrimination. With this we want to stop violating the rights of trans* people. It cannot be that young people and their families are walking through registries, health centers, institutes, calling sports centers… and being attended by people who do not accept applications and are unaware of the existence of a community law that contemplates gender self-determination. Nor is it fair that there are people who are not enjoying these rights because there is no state law and they depend on regional laws. Although the World Health Organization stopped considering transsexuality a mental illness in 2018, legally in Spain it has not been updated, and it is still considered a mental illness. As a sexologist, I join the demands for gender self-determination as a human right and I celebrate diversity as a social value.

  1. Trans*: those people whose felt identity does not correspond to the assigned sex. Trans* with an asterisk is used as an umbrella term to include the diversity of gender bodies, identities and expressions within their own experiences: trans, transgender, transsexual, etc.)


Missé, M. (2013). Transsexualities: Other possible looks. Barcelona: Egales.

Missé, M. (2018). To the conquest of the wrong body. Barcelona: Egales.

Parra, N. (2020). Notebooks for Comprehensive Sexual Education No. 1. Trans* childhoods and adolescents. San Bartolomé de Tirajana: City Hall of San Bartolomé de Tirajana.

Platero, L. (2014). Trans*sexualities. Accompaniment, health factors and educational resources. Barcelona: Bellaterra.

Campaign for #trans equality:

Imagen by ©sharonmccutcheon

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Trans* Diversity –

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Catherine Coaches