Sexual abuse: what is it and what kind of aggressions exist

The sexual abuse It is one of the most serious forms of abuse that exist. For specialists, one of the many myths that it is essential to demolish is to consider it only as a synonym of rape. In fact, many times the abuse does not involve physical contact.

There are different forms of abuse. In all cases, there is a common denominator: there is an asymmetry of power that is based on a previously built bond of trust. The groping and rubbing (one of the most widespread forms of this type of violence), the voyeurism Hello exhibition of pornography are some examples.

The sexual abuse against children and adolescents (NNyA) is one of the most serious forms of abuse that exist. Its prevalence is enormous. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is estimated that one in five girls Y one in 13 children are sexually abused before the age of 18. According to a projection made by Red por la Infancia based on these data and the 2010 census in Argentina, in our country there are potentially almost 2,000,000 of girls and boys who are victims of sexual violence. Despite its high prevalence, it is one of the least reported and most unpunished crimes that exist.

In the vast majority of cases, the aggressors are part of the immediate family and social environment of the NNyA, which makes intervention difficult. We are talking about parents, grandparents, uncles, brothers, among other close ties. Statistics show that abusers are generally male; however, there are also women who abuse.

What are the warning signs of abuse?

From Unicefunderline that there are different forms of sexual violence:

With physical contact:

• Groping and rubbing are among the most frequent, as well as sexual kisses on the genitals, anal area or breasts of girls and boys.

• Inciting girls and boys to carry out these behaviors to adults, over or under clothing.

• Interfemoral intercourse (between the thighs), sexual penetration or its attempt, by vaginal, anal and oral route with fingers, objects or male member.

No physical contact:

• Sexualized comments towards girls and boys.

• Inappropriate inquiries about your sexual intimacy.

• Exhibitionism (for example, when the aggressor shows his genitals) .

• Exposing them to pornography.

• Urging girls and boys to have sex with each other, filming or photographing them in sexual poses or nude (production of sexually exploitative material).

• Inducing girls to undress or masturbate in front of the aggressor.

• Contacting a NNyA online for sexual purposes (grooming).

Line 137

Call this line that belongs to the Victims Against Violence Program, of the National Ministry of Justice, for advice on the steps to follow. You can also send a Whatsapp to 11-3133-1000 from anywhere in the country. If you are in CABA, Chaco or Misiones, in an emergency situation, a mobile team accompanied by police personnel can travel to the scene to guarantee security conditions so that the team can take charge of the situation, offer containment to the victims and of intervention to prosecutors, defenders or courts.

Line 102

This free and confidential service provides a listening, containment and guidance space for children and adolescents and also carries out interventions, jointly with other State agencies, in situations of violation of their rights. The following jurisdictions have this number: CABA, Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán, Catamarca, La Rioja, San Juan, Mendoza, Neuquén, Formosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Misiones, Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Buenos Aires, Córdoba. In La Pampa, you can call 101 and in San Luis and Río Negro, 911. In Chubut, call: 0297 154779774 / 02945 15 551610 / 0280 15 4575 758. In Tierra del Fuego, to the lines: 02901 657789 / 464472 // 02964 490270/605670. In Santa Cruz: 02966 644943 / 02966 706676. In Santa Fe: 0342 155145520 / 0341 153217392. For more information you can write to: linea102@senaf.gob.ar

Centers for access to Justice (CAJ)

They depend on the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights of the Nation. They are offices that provide free primary legal care services with more than 250 access points throughout the country, attended by professionals. They also provide care and advice virtually at the following numbers: CABA: 1133108480 PBA: 1133107947 WHOSE: 2644430111: Mendoza, San Luis, San Juan, La Rioja. NOA: 3855147941: San Miguel de Tucumán, Santiago del Estero, Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta. NEA: 3704960176: Formosa, Chaco, Misiones, Corrientes. CENTRO LITORAL: 351 153113579: Córdoba, Entre Ríos, Santa Fe. PATAGONIA: 294451965: La Pampa, Neuquén, Río Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego.

Find your nearest center

Police Stations and Prosecutors

To file complaints, you can also go to police stations, the Women’s Police Station, criminal prosecutor’s offices or specialized tax units (such as the Tax Unit for the Investigation of Crimes against the Sexual Integrity of Girls and Boys, the Public Prosecutor’s Office or the Public Prosecutor’s Office). General Directorate of Support, Guidance and Protection of Victims) criminal and family courts, consultancies or the Ombudsman for Minors that corresponds to your jurisdiction. On line 137, they can refer you and give you more information about the steps to follow depending on where you are in the country.

Office of Domestic Violence of the Supreme Court of Justice (OVD)

The Domestic Violence Office of the Supreme Court of Justice (OVD) has the objective of facilitating access to Justice for people who, affected by acts of domestic violence, are in a situation of special vulnerability. It attends in person every day of the year, 24 hours a day, at Lavalle 1250, PB, CABA. It is possible to communicate by phone: (011) 4123 – 4510 to 4514. Or write an email to: ovd@csjn.gov.ar

More information

specialized organizations

There are various civil society organizations that can provide you with information, support and assistance. Some of them are: Center for Assistance and Prevention of Sexual Abuse in Childhood and Adolescence (Cepasi): holacepasi@gmail.com / Network for Children: info@redporlainfancia.org / Adults for children’s rights : adultxsporlainfancia@gmail.com

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Sexual abuse: what is it and what kind of aggressions exist