Safe sex: 5 common mistakes to avoid – Blog Dexeus Mujer

Today is celebrated the World AIDS Day, and although the fear of this disease has been lost because it can be treated, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have increased in recent years. This fact shows that unprotected relationships continue to be maintained and that the risks are underestimated. Therefore, specialists recommend not to let your guard down.

If you take contraceptives and regularly use condoms in your relationships (what specialists call a double method), you are protected from STIs and an unwanted pregnancy. But if you don’t use a barrier method (condom), or don’t use it correctly, you can get some sexually transmitted infections. In this post, our gynecologists Stefanie Redón and Olga Salas, responsible for the Sexuality Unit and of the Lower Genital Tract Pathology Unit, respectively, point out five common mistakes that you should avoid, both to minimize the risk of contracting an STI and to prevent an unwanted pregnancy.

Believing that the condom is infallible. It is a method that, in addition to avoiding an unwanted pregnancy, acts as a barrier against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but it can be rolled or unrolled, broken or misused. In theory its efficiency is 99%, but in practice it is lower, since it is not always used correctly. For this reason, we must always make sure that we have placed it correctly -for all sexual practices (oral, vaginal or anal sex)-, that the size is adequate and fits, and that it has not expired.

Not having regular gynecological check-ups. They are essential to take care of your sexual and reproductive health, as well as to have the support and advice of a trusted professional. It is true that to determine if you have some STIs, specific tests must be carried out, but control check-ups allow irregularities to be detected that may be an indicative symptom or cause for suspicion. If you are young, it is advisable to do it at least once a year since you start having sexual relations. Also, remember that many STIs have no symptoms.

Carelessness in taking contraceptives. If you take pills orally and you forget to take them, it is best in these cases to look at the package insert, because there are currently many different types of combined contraceptive pills. The most common are 21 tablets with 7 days off or placebo, or 28 with 4 placebo. If less than 24 hours have passed, take it as soon as possible and follow your usual intake. But if more than 24 hours have passed, you have to take into account what week of the cycle you are in, and you should use a barrier method, such as a condom, for at least the next seven days. Anyway, in these cases you should always consult and inform your gynecologist to make sure you do it right. If it happens to you more than once or you find it difficult to maintain the daily discipline that taking it orally requires, look for another alternative.

Autocalculate the days of ovulation and allow yourself licenses. Although there are multiple applications that allow you to regularly know the days of each month on which ovulation takes place, what is called “the fertile window”, it is better not to trust yourself. That is to say, it is useful to know it to plan a vacation, or calculate more or less the weeks in which it is more likely to achieve a pregnancy, if you are looking for it, but not to skip the use of condoms or other contraceptive measures thinking that the rest of days the risk of pregnancy is zero. The exact days of ovulation can never be known precisely, which is why when a woman becomes pregnant, an approximate calculation is made of the date of conception to calculate the possible week of delivery, but always admitting a margin of error. In short: biology is not mathematics, so it is better not to take chances.

Taking emergency contraception without advice. Many young girls think that it is the best solution in the event of an oversight or unforeseen event, but it must be made clear that this system should always be the last resort, and not because it is harmful to health, but because it does not act nor can it be used as a contraceptive method regular use. In addition, it is advisable that before taking it, inform your gynecologist or ask an expert for advice, since not everyone acts in the same way. In addition, to be effective, it must be taken as soon as possible, within 24-48 hours. Another important fact: remember that this method does not protect you against sexually transmitted infections.

If you want more information on this topic or have any questions, you can contact our medical team or leave us a comment.

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Safe sex: 5 common mistakes to avoid – Blog Dexeus Mujer

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