pain during sex

When intercourse is painful, it is called dyspareunia. Whether superficial or deep, these pains can be explained by physical as well as psychological factors.

dyspareunia: what is it?

The dyspareunie refers to pain felt during intercourse. Common in women, these can occur during or after intercourse.

It is customary to distinguish between superficial dyspareunia, or the pain that occurs around the entrance to the vagina, deep dyspareunia, more localized in the lower abdomen, as in the pelvis or at the bottom of the vagina.

the vaginismus is considered a form of dyspareunia, since this unconscious contraction of the muscles of the vagina makes penetration painful, if not completely impossible.

where do the pains come from?

The dyspareunies can have varying causes, physical as well as psychic. On the side of organic origins, we find STIs and other gynecological infections, endometriosis, injuries related to post-partum, menopause, etc.

Psychic causes can also be varied: a previous sexual assault, significant stress, apprehension before sex, or a lack of arousal resulting in too little secretion of love juice.

The dyspareunie may be characterized by localized or diffuse pain. These can be felt at the entrance to the vagina, on the lips, vulva or the clitoris, especially at the time of penetration. These pains can also be deeper, inside the vagina or in the lower abdomen.

A person suffering from dyspareunia may experience itching, involuntary contractures, burns …

what treatment for dyspareunia?

In case of repeated pain during intercourse, it is necessary to consult a health professional (doctor, gynecologist, midwife) in order to determine the origin. The latter will carry out a clinical examination, and will question the patient in order to know the origin of dyspareunia.

The treatments are as varied as there are origins to dyspareunia and can involve drugs, as in the case of pathology or gynecological infection, psychotherapy in case of previous trauma, or even surgery, for example for some endometriosis.

live better your sexuality

Treating the origin of dyspareunia will allowsignificantly improve sex life of affected patients. Dyspareunia can in fact discourage sufferers from having sex, or even lower their self-esteem.

Violette, 26 years old and behind the Instagram account @debloquetashnek on which it provides information on vaginismus and dyspareunia, herself suffers from vaginismus since the beginning of her sexual life. “For a long time, I felt abnormal even though I had no sexuality. However, I have been in a relationship with several partners ” she remembers. Before the diagnosis was made, the young woman felt misunderstood for a long time: “I felt alone in the world, then I lived in denial for many years. I had decided not to even think about it anymore. ”

This is why it is important to consult a health specialist: having painful sex is not normal.

Talking about it with his sexual partners is also essential: informed of these pains, the other will understand that he is not responsible for it. It is better to communicate about your feelings during sex, in order to act accordingly and promote painless practices.

Still concerned by vaginismus, Violette has learned to see her sexuality differently. “Now I don’t suffer mentally anymore. I have a different and suitable sexuality, and I no longer see vaginismus and dyspareunia as a problem. I use vaginal dilators, but it is above all the help of a sex therapist that allowed me to move forward ”, details the young woman. You have to detach yourself from penetrative sex, there are plenty of other ways to make love. The more you mope in vaginismus, the more you let it exist. ”

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pain during sex

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