How are women doing on presidential shows? – Las2orillas.co

This is a space for free and independent expression that exclusively reflects the authors’ points of view and does not compromise the thinking or opinion of Las2orillas.

We women make up more than half of the Colombian population, we have made the development of the country possible in the world of work, the social struggle and care work has been borne on us, but we always bear the brunt of crises and bad governments: we have an unemployment rate 6 points higher than that of men[1]despite being better prepared, we earn up to 36% less[2]we barely reached 30% in the composition of the Senate of the Republic[3] and we have a participation of only 22.9% in management positions of the companies[4]. The figures speak for themselves and shout to the country that, although the situation deteriorates for everyone every day, we have a worse time and even existing is risky, and the families of the 619 victims of femicide could speak of this year 2021[5].

In the midst of the crisis that has deepened with the pandemic and that does not wait, the proposal of those who intend to govern our country takes on special importance when faced with the question of how to reduce the inequalities that cost the life, health and integrity of approximately 25 million women, diverse in ethnic groups, ages, sexual orientations and socioeconomic conditions.

It is clear then that for 99% of the women of Colombia, among them Rosa: a young woman of 24, displaced by violence and in search of employment, one government will not give the same as another. That is why we decided to take a look at the programs of Sergio Fajardo, Gustavo Petro and Federico Gutiérrez for the presidency of the Republic, evaluating three factors that are relevant to us and that can change the future of Rosa: comprehensive inclusion of the gender and rights approach of women, the existence of concrete and achievable proposals and the will to respect and implement those signed in the peace agreement.

From the outset we hold that Federico Gutiérrez’s program cracksnot only for starting to see the rights of women as a matter of “minorities” and therefore of targeting policies, but because it subjects the institutions in charge of these policies to the “tax possibilities[6]which in a few words means that more of the same is coming and the women’s problem It is dispatched so quickly that it does not even deserve a detailed diagnosis. Their proposals on the matter revolve around educational campaigns for the prevention of gender-based violence, improvement in victim care channels, education on sexual and reproductive rights and saying that the gender approach will be incorporated everywhere, but without no development of how to do it better than Duque: to exemplify, Gutiérrez speaks of a National Care System that is nothing more than the expansion of coverage of the Good Start and Zero to Forever programs.

The proposal is quite conservative, to say the least, but since it does not dare to talk about investment or institutions that support it, we cannot say that it is viable. Finally, it presents 3 points of incorporation of the peace agreement, focused on promoting entrepreneurship for women victims and structuring PDET with a gender approach. Again he resorts to commonplaces so as not to commit to anything. Let us conclude then that Rosa, the young woman whose life we ​​would like to change in this article, does not find the continuity proposal very useful.

Gustavo Petro’s proposal separates the sections dedicated to the rights of women from those in the document dedicated to “vulnerable and excluded populations[7] and includes objectives on political participation, employment, economic autonomy and prevention of femicide in a section called “Change is with women!” that extends the margin of influence of the gender approach to other relevant issues of national life such as rural development, environment, peacebuilding (subject on which it places special emphasis) and focuses the proposal on two specific advances: 1) the creation National Care System that includes high-sounding declarations of integration of caregivers into the pension system, democratization of wealth and compensation to “abandoned children and mothers” with “the heritage of irresponsible man[8]”; and 2) the creation of a Ministry of Equality that shows us that at the moment of truth, there is a long way to go from saying to doing, since the person who writes the proposal maintains the conceptualization and definition of women as a minority population group, together with others and not like what we are: more than half of the inhabitants of this country that require a single institution that focuses on public policies aimed at closing the gaps that exist between men and women and mainstreaming the gender component in the other government institutions and their programs.

The proposal can certainly be attractive to activists, but it must be said that, although the document is called a government program, it is more similar to a manifesto of a public square than a policy instrument or a proposal that citizens can follow up on. For Rosa, our 24-year-old, there are no quantitative commitments in this program regarding an increase in the employability rate of women, one of our most heartfelt problems. She is quite poor in diagnosis and rarely resolves in an assertive way the question about how to advance rights for all (and by the way for all).

For its part, Sergio Fajardo’s proposal turns out to be the longest to address, since it is composed of three specific documents on equality and rights of womenthe launch of a National System of Care and the creation of a Ministry of Women, from which guidelines for the other 28 programmatic documents emanate. A judicious reading showed us that the gender approach has not only been nominally incorporated, but that work has been done that, although difficult, translates into seeing the country’s problems from the eyes of women, having updated diagnoses with official sources and propose specific measures to advance rights.

Just to give a few examples, the quality sexual health proposal involves actions to prevent adolescent pregnancy, end the persecution of voluntary termination of pregnancy, the role of the school in education on sexual and reproductive rights, and public health measures. how to extend the scope of the country’s Expanded Immunization Plan. Recognizes the preponderant role of women in protecting ecosystems and mitigating the climate crisis, and also raises the relevance of the role of women in the cultural sector and the need to close gaps in management positions in the sector, culture is transversal, as is gender.

Regarding the solidity of the proposals, the candidate of the Hope Center Coalition starts from the updated reading on gender gaps, which focuses on 5 axes: 1) more and better opportunities, which is oriented to economic policy; 2) women without fear, which seeks to eliminate all types of violence; 3) quality sexual health, which proposes a new relationship between the State and the health system and an approach from all stages of our lives; 4) care with dignity, which includes a monetary benefit for older women, the creation of a National Care System and lays the first stone of the decision by locating the key elements of this instrument: beneficiaries, offer, quality criteria and sources financing; and 5) women making decisions, which has as its pivot the creation of a Ministry of Women that ensures progress towards parity not only within the government but in the promotion of policies in all sectors, as well as in scenarios of formation of leadership of all kinds. Regarding the fulfillment of the Havana Agreements, the program includes it as a commitment of the Nation and refers to the 109 measures of incorporation of the gender approach of the same, added to the strengthening of the Special Unit of women for the follow-up of the gender approach in the implementation of the peace agreement.[9].

Rosa is a young woman like the more than 6 million who live in Colombia * deserves policies that recognize her important role in the production and development of the country and institutions that mainstream gender and break with the approach that has historically prevailed of women as a minority.

We are activists of the campaign of Sergio Fajardo and the Centro Esperanza Coalition to govern Colombia, but that does not exempt us from the right or the responsibility to make evaluations of all the proposals, because that is what the political debate should be about. We recognize, as the Fajardo program does, that the advances made in terms of women’s rights are the product of the victories of feminist and women’s movements throughout history. No one has given us anything for free, and since our fight for equality continues, it is well worth knowing in light of which government there will be more understanding, interest and guarantees to improve the lives of half the population that has been burdened with development society at the cost of their own autonomy. The debate is open.

[1] DANE. Quarter December 2021 – February 2022

[2] BRIEFCASE [Sitio Web]. Women in Colombia earn up to 36% less than men. [Consulta: 30 de abril de 2022] Available in: https://www.portafolio.co/economia/empleo/mujeres-en-colombia-ganan-hasta-un-36-menos-que-los-hombres-561847

[3] EOM. Electoral Observation Mission. Political participation of women in the Congress of the Republic: national elections 2022.

[4] BRIEFCASE [Sitio Web]. In the last year the quota of women in managerial positions has fallen. [Consulta: 30 de abril de 2022] Available at: https://www.portafolio.co/businesses/empresas/en-el-ultimo-ano-cae-cuota-de-mujeres-en-cargos-directivos-562775

[5] COLOMBIA FEMALE OBSERVATORY. [Sitio Web]. Annual summary 2021. [Consulta: 30 de abril de 2022] Available at: https://observatoriofeminicidescolombia.org/attachments/article/478/Feminicides%20Colombia%202021.pdf

[6] Federico Gutiérrez president campaign, (2022), Bases of the Government program “Colombia: a country in order and with opportunities” Pp. 81. Retrieved April 29, 2022.

[7] President Gustavo Petro Campaign. Colombia world power of life. Government program 2022-2026. Pp. 35. Retrieved April 29, 2022.

[8] President Gustavo Petro Campaign. Colombia world power of life. Government program 2022-2026. Pp. 10. Retrieved April 29, 2022.

[9] UN Women Colombia (2018) 100 measures that incorporate the gender perspective in the Agreement between the Colombian government and the FARC-EP to end the conflict and build a stable and lasting peace. Retrieved April 29, 2022 at (https://colombia.unwomen.org/es/biblioteca/publicaciones/2017/05/100-medidas-genero-acuerdos

*Young people represent 24.9% of the population, that is, 12,703,390. Young women are 6,308,930, 12.4%.

We wish to give thanks to the writer of this short article for this amazing material

How are women doing on presidential shows? – Las2orillas.co