Education with a gender perspective

A few weeks ago, referring to the commemoration of International Women’s Day, in this space we gave an account of the importance of extolling and recognizing the constant struggle of women for equality, justice, peace, the recognition of their rights and the defense of their participation and development in all spheres of society.

In this framework, and due to the unfortunate events that have recently occurred in the State of Nuevo León, a relevant opportunity is once again presented to continue reflecting on the great institutional lags that have led to a scenario of social decomposition in our country, specifically in terms of violence against women, which has not allowed the creation of the necessary conditions to guarantee women and girls an environment of safety and well-being.

Although it is true that gender inequality gaps are reflected and developed in different ways, violence against women is the phenomenon that has been most clearly presented in public discussion spaces, given the upward trend in the measurement of the indices that frame its visibility as one of the great national problems.

Unfortunately, Mexican women are especially vulnerable targets of forced labor, sexual exploitation, violence, insecurity, trafficking, organized crime, and drug trafficking.

The foregoing finds a specific echo in various metrics, which guarantee that Mexico is one of the most violent countries against women worldwide. According to the UN, 6 out of 10 Mexican women have suffered incidents of violence and 41.3% have been victims of sexual violence. Likewise, according to INEGI, 66% of Mexican women over 15 years of age have suffered some incident of physical, emotional, sexual violence or discrimination throughout their lives. Also, according to a report by the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System, in the last three years, the number of murdered women has risen to 10,753, an average of 16 women a day.

Faced with this panorama, the consolidation of comprehensive education with a gender perspective is presented as an unavoidable pending in the design and implementation of public policies aimed at the regeneration of the social fabric, warning that such a perspective in the formation of minors has the potential to influence favorably to identify, question and value, from an early age, the discrimination, inequality and exclusion of women with respect to the prevailing stereotypes, opening new possibilities to relate to each other.

In such circumstances, a new paradigm of basic education with a gender perspective will have to emerge as a fundamental element of the efforts of the Mexican State to mitigate the phenomenon of violence against women, while contributing to the reduction of inequality, strengthening of the economy and the consolidation of communities in equitable conditions that contribute to the comprehensive development of all its members.

BY EMILIO SUAREZ LICONA
PROFESSOR AT THE PAN AMERICAN UNIVERSITY
@EMILIOSL

CAR

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Education with a gender perspective