10 measures to abolish prostitution in Spain

People with posters denounce the stigma suffered by prostitutes on the International Day Against Sexual Exploitation in Madrid last year.andrea commas

Prostitution is a form of gender violence because women who are forced into prostitution suffer all kinds of violence: sexual, psychological and economic. Under this premise, the Valencian Minister of Justice, Gabriela Bravo, presented this morning a decalogue of measures to abolish prostitution in Spain. “It is time to put an end to so many euphemisms to hide a shame, a problem that shames us as a democratic society”, said the former spokeswoman for the General Council of the Judiciary (CGPJ), who has urged the Government of Pedro Sánchez to start “ at once” the procedures to approve a law.

The decalogue summarizes the hundred conclusions of the work carried out by a forum formed a year ago by some thirty experts from the legal field, public administration, civil society and universities in order to develop a strategy for abolition. The socialist counselor has made this objective one of the workhorses of her political action, even knowing that many of the powers are national in scope and that within feminism there are various sensitivities on the matter and also within the Valencian government of the Botànic, constituted by the PSPV-PSOE, Compromís and Unides Podem.

The Minister of Justice, Gabriela Bravo, presents the strategy for the abolition of prostitution.
The Minister of Justice, Gabriela Bravo, presents the strategy for the abolition of prostitution. GVA (Europa Press)

In fact, the main proposals go through the approval by the central government of a comprehensive law for the abolition, the modification of several national and regional regulations, the criminal sanction of both the pimp and the client, as well as the owners of the establishments where prostitution is practiced, and the protection of victims with an assistance plan. Bravo has highlighted that “the Valencian Community is the first autonomy to open the process for eradication” and has recalled the examples of Sweden and France, which approved similar laws.

Before an audience made up of forum participants and commanders of the National Police, the Local Police of Valencia and the Civil Guard, the minister also alluded to former socialist president José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, as an ally in her plans. Last November the 40th Federal Congress of the PSOE approved in Valencia an amendment that urges the Government to present a law to abolish prostitution in this legislature.

These are, in summary, the 10 actions presented this morning:

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1. The approval of a Comprehensive Law for the Abolition of Prostitution. In this sense, the Spanish State has assumed international commitments in terms of human rights and protection against violence against women, such as the Istanbul Convention, which requires the recognition of prostituted women as victims of gender violence and the modification of several regulations, such as that of Immigration. This law integrates law must be based on three fundamental pillars. One is the persecution of pimping in all its forms, which will lead to the introduction of new crimes in the criminal code, such as locative third party (rent by a third party of premises or housing for prostitution) or ruffianism, in its current form. known as lover boy (Induction into prostitution by the victim’s romantic partner). The second pillar is the penal sanction of the demand and purchase of sex of any nature. And the third is protection of the victims, who are all women in a situation of prostitution. The administrative sanction for women in a situation of prostitution will be eliminated, modifying the Citizen Security Law, known as the gag law.

2. Recognition of prostituted women as victims of gender violence. This would entail, at the regional level, the modification of the law against violence against women of the Generalitat, which contemplates trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation as a manifestation of gender violence, but does not extend this recognition to all types of prostitution according to Bravo. This regional law is the responsibility of the Valencian vice president, Mónica Oltra. The leader of Compromís and the Minister of Justice do not maintain a fluid relationship and have shown their differences in recent years.

3. Elaboration of a Model of Abolitionist Ordinance. Municipalities through municipal ordinances they have the competence and capacity to incorporate the abolition of prostitution at the local level. Sanctions of up to 3,000 euros are contemplated.

4. Administrative sanction for the owners of establishments where prostitution takes place (tercería locativa). Gabriela Bravo has announced the brief modification of the law of her competence of public shows of the Generalitat “to incorporate as a very serious infraction allow or favor the exploitation of a prostituted person in the establishment, even with their consent. This infraction should entail, in any case, the closure of the premises, which should be extended even in the event that the person responsible has ceased activity and someone else requests the opening.

5. Prohibition of shows and public activities that incite or encourage prostitution or any form of sexual exploitation.

6. Administrative sanction of the demand for prostitution. Sex seekers will be punished, both in public places and on the roads. Part of the demand and purchase of paid sex occurs on regional roads. “Women prostituted in these spaces are in a situation of special vulnerability, given that they are usually not very crowded and poorly lit. Therefore, it is necessary to sanction the demand for paid sex in these places and thus dissuade these behaviors, ”adds the decalogue.

7. Administrative sanction for establishments advertising prostitution.

8. Guarantee of housing resources for prostituted women. “The situation of special vulnerability of prostituted women prevents them from accessing, on many occasions, decent housing. As a consequence of this, many of these victims do not find an alternative to staying in the houses provided by the pimps”, says one of the measures.

9. Socio-labour incorporation: reinforcement of specific training and socio-labour resources for prostituted women.

10. Intervention and support for victims of prostitution: promotion of the ALBA Program. “Prostituted women find themselves in situations of great vulnerability (e.g. ignorance of the language, absence of work and residence permits, lack of training resources, ignorance of the administrative and institutional framework, etc.), which prevent them from accessing public resources and exercise their rights to start the process of exiting prostitution”. This is the purpose of the Alba program.

Bravo has also announced a campaign to raise awareness among young people that will start this Friday.

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10 measures to abolish prostitution in Spain